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In Poll, MCD Supporting Actor May Reduce Himachal Stardom, Gujarat Elections

The announcement of the Delhi Municipal Elections (MCD) has spurred political parties into action, with one turning against another over a host of issues such as sanitation, the capital’s towering garbage dumps, corruption and corporate taxes. The polls came more than eight months after they were meant to be called and at a time when high-profile parliamentary elections in Gujarat and Himachal are underway.

MCD elections were cut short when the Union government decided to dissolve the former Delhi Municipal Corporations and reunite them into one Delhi Municipal Corporation (MCD), a process that also saw the divisions reduced from 272 to 250. Now the Election scheduled to take place on December 5 and the results for all 250 divisions (in 12 zones such as Civil Lines, Karol Bagh and Rohini) will be announced on December 7.

Being the national capital, the power structure in Delhi is divided between the central government, the elected government of the national territory and the public authorities in the city. In addition to an elected government, the MCD is responsible for most of the civilian work here.

The New Delhi City Council (NDMC) oversees the governance of Lutyens’ Delhi, which is home to diplomatic missions, key government offices and luxury gated communities. The Delhi Cantonment Board (DCB) looks at the administration of the Cantonment area where defense facilities are housed. Together, however, the two agencies control only three percent of Delhi.

The rest of the 97 percent of the national capital — home to millions of people — falls under the jurisdiction of MCD — the world’s second largest civic body.

So, what does the MCD do? Do the functions of the civil body and government of Delhi and the center overlap? And why are upcoming polls important for Delhi residents, News18 explains.

What is the function of MCD?

Spread over 1,484 square km of land, Delhi had a population of 17.8 million in 2014, according to a report by worldpopulationreview.com. According to the rules of the Government of India, all cities with a population of more than ten lakh must have a municipal corporation.

The functions of municipal corporations include running hospitals and pharmacies, managing the water supply, maintaining the drainage system, and looking after the upkeep and maintenance of marketplaces in the city.

The municipal corporations also build and maintain parks and parking lots, oversee the functioning of primary schools, lay and maintain roads and bridges, install and maintain street lighting, ensure solid waste management, recover real estate and business taxes, operate the toll tax collection system, manage cremation grounds and maintain the area’s birth and death records.

Like all other municipal corporations, the MCD in Delhi is also responsible for these functions.

Do the functions of the MCD, Delhi government and the center overlap?

Being the national capital, the civic responsibilities of the MCD and the government of Delhi and the center often overlap. Both the MCD and the Delhi government have similar functions, such as building roads, running government schools and public health centers, and licensing vehicles.

However, the work is split between the two agencies to avoid confusion and better accountability.

For example, most of the roads that are more than 18 meters wide are under the government of Delhi while the narrower ones are managed by MCD. Similarly, while the Delhi government is licensing larger motorized vehicles, the MCD is engaged in bicycle rickshaws, hand-pulled carts and the like, according to a report by The wire.

As for the management of educational institutions, MCD is responsible for primary schools while the government of Delhi takes care of higher education, colleges and vocational education.

In the health sector, the Delhi government provides larger and more specialized hospitals, while MCD runs pharmacies and some hospitals.

The tax collected on border tolls, advertising revenue and property tax goes to MCD while the Delhi government collects excise, service tax and VAT on the services and goods sold.

As the national capital, the Center also plays a role in running these services, albeit on a larger scale. For example, the central government runs large hospitals such as AIIMS and Safdarjung; builds and maintains highways; makes urban plans through the Delhi Development Authority (DDA), including housing plans.

The center also manages Delhi’s airports, metro and railway stations in addition to police and land control, while the Delhi government provides electricity, wastewater management and bus services.

Why MCD Polls Are Crucial

The functions of MCD affect millions of lives, especially those of the weakest in society. From waste management, a major problem in Delhi that is clearly visible in the form of overcrowded garbage towers in Ghazipur, to building safety audits, the company is responsible for taking care of some of the basic needs of the residents. It is also the job of the MCD to monitor the threat of stray animals and organize clean-up actions to prevent diseases such as dengue and malaria.

The MCD receives monetary grants, including tax shares, from both the Center and Government of Delhi and collects property, business and road taxes. Advertisements are another source of income. We will come back to the issue of the fund crisis later in the piece.

To carry out these tasks, the MCD receives monetary grants, including tax shares, from both the Center and the Government of Delhi. It also collects property, business, and road taxes and generates revenue from advertising.

political race

Where there is money and power, it is also natural to have a political race to gain that power. In the past, these elections were seen as quarter-finals, with the results indicating the voters’ vote for the municipal elections (or the semi-finals) and then the Lok Sabha elections (or the finals).

However, the trend is not always true. The BJP has ruled the company for 20 years, while Congress and the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) had governments in Delhi.

The Saffron Party won the MCD elections in 2007 when Congress was in power in both the Center and Delhi. However, the party was unable to continue its run of victories in the next parliamentary elections in 2008, when Congress under Sheila Dikshit came to power for a third time.

In 2017, the BJP won a whopping two-thirds of the total number of divisions and increased the number of seats from 138 in 2012 to 181 in 2017. In 2020, however, it again lost the polls of the Assembly of AAP, which came to power with a full majority. by winning 62 of the 70 seats.

Now, in 2022, AAP aims to take control of MCD from Delhi. On Friday, Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal released his party’s manifesto to the MCD polls, blaming the BJP for all the ills plaguing the city. He also offered to clean up the three landfills, including ’10 guarantees such as solving the parking and stray problems and building better roads, schools, hospitals and parks.

On the other hand, the BJP has attacked the Delhi government for pollution and alleged corruption of their ministers, while Congress seeks votes based on the work of the late Chief Minister, the late Sheila Dikshit, who served the capital for three years. requirements.

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