The left-handed batter had amassed 111 runs in the T20I series of three games against England. The performance helped her jump two places.
Mandhana, a former best hitter in ODIs, also jumped three places to number seven after a match-winning 91 in the first ODI against England.
Including Indians, skipper Harmanpreet Kaur zoomed in four spots to ninth in ODIs, all-rounder Deepti Sharma achieved a place to reach 32nd position and wicketkeeper Yastika Bhatia jumped eight places to 37th after India’s seven-wicket win in Hove on Saturday.
Deepti also climbed six places to 12th in the list of bowlers.
For England, Emma Lamb and Sophie Ecclestone have won three spots each and are ranked 64th and 72nd respectively among the batters, while Charlie Dean is up to 86th in the list.
Dean has also moved up four places to 20th among bowlers, while Kate Cross is in the top 10 after taking two wickets with her bowling.
In T20I rankings, Kaur (up one place to 14th among batters), new-ball bowler Renuka Singh (up three places to 10th among bowlers) and spinner Radha Yadavi (up four places to 14th among bowlers) made notable gains.
Allrounders Sneha Rana and Pooja Vastrakar are in joint 41st position.
England’s Sophia Dunkley jumped 12 places to 32nd after leading the total runs with 115 runs in the T20I series, while Alice Capsey is now 20th among batters.
Zimbabwe players Sharn Mayers (up 28 places to 39th among batters), Captain Mary-Anne Musonda (10 places up to 50th among batters) and Precious Marange (24 places to 34th among bowlers), participating in the ongoing ICC Women’s T20 World Cup Qualifier in Abu Dhabi has also risen in the rankings.